No one cared how big you built your home
in ancient Egypt. It was up to you. Homes were built with bricks made of
mud and straw. The ancient Egyptians invented molds to make bricks. That
let them make many bricks at one time, and dry them out in the sun.
Bricks were not baked in an oven.
The nobles lived in huge homes along the
Nile River. They painted their homes white because it kept their home
cooler. Some of these huge homes had as many as 30 rooms. Each room had
a function. Many were store rooms. They had guest rooms, and kids rooms,
and bathrooms! (No running water, though.) A few homes were built with
stone. But most were built of sun dried brick. That was the building
material most readily available.
had front and back doors. Each door was built about 4 feet off the
ground to reduce the amount of sand that worked itself inside the house.
You reached the door via a ramp. Ramps, rather than stairs, were used to
reach various levels in the house.
common people also had nice homes, especially in the country, where they
had more room to build. They were not as luxurious as the homes of
the nobles, and certainly not as big, but each family had their own
home. Their homes were also built with sun dried bricks. A series of
ramps led from one floor to the next. The flat roof was the center of
family life. Meals were prepared on the roof. People often slept on mats
on their roof tops to catch the evening breeze.
and Buildings in Ancient Egypt (interactive)