Men, women and children wore jewelry. Jewelers were skilled craftsmen. The jewelry was beautiful and colorful, and was made out of copper and gold wire, gemstones, colored glass beads, and colorfully painted clay beads. Wide collars were popular, as were rings, earrings, and bracelets worn at the wrist, upper arm and around the ankle. Some jewelry was made of faience (a ceramic material made from crushed quartz and other natural materials, covered with a blue or green glaze.) Jewelry was used for adornment, social status, and protection.
In the beginning, silver was the most popular metal. By the Middle Kingdom, gold had taken over first place. Gold was considered blessed by the gods. Some considered it the flesh of the gods because it never tarnished. Gold was used on everything religious from statues to temple art to funeral masks. It was also used to create fabulous jewelry for both the living and the dead. The combination of gold leaf, turquoise, and faience was very popular, and more affordable as only a small amount of gold was used.
Upper Class: Gorgeous jewelry of gold, silver, lapis and other gemstones, and faience.
Lower Class: Gorgeous jewelry of copper, colorful stones, and faience.