The early people who settled along the
Nile River banded together into two main groups.
One group lived around the mouth of
Nile River, near the Mediterranean Sea. Their king wore a Red Crown.
Their land was called Lower Egypt.
The other group lived near the
mountains to the South. Their king wore a White Crown. Their land was
called Upper Egypt.
These two groups had much in common.
They spoke the same language. They worshipped the same gods. They had
the same culture. But, they did not get along. They were always
Around 3000 BCE, King Menes (also known
as King Namer) ruled Upper Egypt. He conquered Lower Egypt. These two
groups continued to fight. One day, King Menes had an idea. If the
color of a crown was so important, why not invent a new crown?! King
Menes created the Double Crown, a mix of white and red.
His idea worked. Both Lower and Upper
Egypt respected the Double Crown. They called their land "The Two
Over time, The Two Lands became known as Egypt.