The Nile is 4,000 miles long! There was
a lot of land along the Nile on which to settle. The early people who
settled along the Nile seem to settle in two main regions. One region
was at the mouth of the Nile, where the Nile enters the Mediterranean
Sea. The other main region was to the south, at the base of the
Each of these regions had a king. It
was easy to tell the kings apart by the color of their crown (which
was more like a hat.) The king who ruled the people who lived in the
north, at the mouth of the Nile, wore a Red Crown. Their land was
called Lower Egypt. The king who ruled the people who lived in the
south, at the base of the mountains, wrote a White Crown. Their land
was called Upper Egypt.
two regions were always fighting. They spoke the same language. They
worshipped the same gods. They had the same culture. But, for some
reason, they could not get along.
5,000 years ago, King Menes ruled Upper Egypt, at the base of the
mountains. He conquered Lower Egypt. These two regions were combined
into one country. But it didn't help. The people kept fighting
amongst themselves. To help his people think of themselves as one
people, the king had a special crown made, a double crown. It was not
white. It was not red. It was a mix of white and red. And it did the
trick. The people started calling their combined land the "The
Two Lands". Over time, "The Two Lands" became
known as Egypt.